The gum contouring for a mouth that has excess gum is done by a dentist. The contouring is done by either scalpels or laser. The procedures carried out using a laser is advanced. But before the contouring is done the gums are cleaned and plaque is removed.
The laser is used to reshape and remove excess tissue in the gum. It is also used to seal the exposed tissue thereby stopping the bleeding process. Laser contouring has more advantages since the cutting of the tissue are less.
The receded gum poses a challenge to fill. Modern methods use grafts to seal the teeth and create protective gum layer. The common method used to treat receded gumline is to pull a flap of skin from the roof of the mouth (called palate). The tissue so removed is stitched back to the gum tissue where the root is exposed due to the receded gumline. This grafting method effectively closes the exposed gums.