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Oral Tumours and Cysts

What are Oral Tumours?

Any abnormal mass of tissue growth in the oral region can be termed as oral tumors. Most tumors are benign which means they are harmless and are not cancerous. However, some tumors may grow bigger in size, though not cancerous can destroy the adjacent structures. Hence they need to be removed. On the whole, any growth in the mouth if noticed needs immediate attention.

As part of the regular dental visits, they are accidentally diagnosed by the dentist who would then recommend taking an x-ray for further treatment.

Treatment of Oral Tumours

Excision is the best treatment available to remove the tumors. The tumor removed are sent for a biopsy just to confirm if they are benign or malignant. Subsequent follow-up treatments are required based on the diagnosis and to keep the tumor under check.

What are Oral Cysts?

Any abnormal cavity in the oral tissues accumulated with fluids or semi-fluid materials is termed as oral cysts. The cysts are generally lined with epithelial cells. They are as a matter of fact a fluid-filled sac. The oral cysts can form in any of the oral tissues which include gums, the inner side of the lips and cheeks, the root of the tooth, tongue, and jaw bone.

Where the Oral Cysts are formed?

(1) An oral cyst can be formed at the root tip.

(2) An oral cyst can be formed in and around the crown of an unerupted wisdom teeth.

(3) An oral cyst can be formed in the jawbone.

(4) An oral cyst can be formed on the mucosal lining inside like inner side of the lips, cheeks, the base of the mouth under the tongue. This type of cyst is called mucous retention cysts.

Diagnosis of Oral Cysts

The mucous cysts can be identified by the dentist just by looking at it. They are conspicuously visible as they are formed in the mucosal lining.

All other forms of cysts are not visible from outside and hence cannot be found for its presence. But these oral cysts manifests as swellings as they become infected. When you visit the dentist, your dentist might recommend taking an oral X-ray. All the non-mucosal cysts are visible in the X-ray images and in this way, their presence can be diagnosed and ascertained.

Treatment of Oral Cysts

Most mucosal cysts require surgical intervention. The dentist would remove them using laser or excision.

Other non-mucosal cysts are removed by studying the X-ray report thoroughly. The cysts are generally scooped out in a surgical intervention. Like tumors, the scooped out cyst tissues are sent for biopsies just to confirm that they are not cancerous in nature.

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